Blog description: First Kalima
The Word of Purity (Tayyabah)
La ilaha ill Allah Muhammadur-Rasul Allah
There is no God but Allah Muhammad
The word of Testimony (Shahaadat)
Ash-hadu an-La illaha ill Allahu, Wahdahu La Sharika lah, wa ash-Hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasoolu
(I bear witness that no-one is worthy of worship but Allah, the One alone, without partner, and I bear witness
My blog address: http://MuslimFriends.com/blog/NAHLYACopy
Hadith - Sahih Muslim 6757, Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud, similar narration 6759 by 'Aisha, r.a.
Allah's Apostle said: There is none amongst you with whom is not an attache from amongst the jinn (devil). They (the Companions) said: Allah's Apostle with you too? Thereupon he said: Yes, but Allah helps me against him and so I am safe from his hand and he does not command me but for good.
Anas reported that the Prophet said, "The barrier between the eyes of the Jinn and the nakedness of the Children of Adam is [created] when a Muslim discards a garment and says, 'In the name of Allah besides Whom there is no other god'." (Ibn As-Sinni)
Hadith - Ahmad, an-Nasa'i, Dawud, al-Hakim and al-Baihaqi
Qatadah related from 'Abdullah ibn Sarjas who said, "The of Allah forbade urination into a hole." Said Qatadah, "What is disliked about urinating into a hole?" Said he, "It is the residence of the jinn." [Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn as-Sakin classified it as sahih]
Allah made all the jinn subservient to the Prophet Sulaimaan (Solomon), a gift from Allah, swt, that will never be granted to another after him.
The Noble Qur'an - Saad 38:35-39
35. He said: "My Lord! Forgive me, and bestow upon me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me: Verily, You are the Bestower."
36. So, We subjected to him the wind, it blew gently to his order whithersoever he willed,
37. And also the Shay?tin (devils) from the jinns (including) every kind of builder and diver,
38. And also others bound in fetters.
39. [Saying of All?h to Sulaim?n (Solomon)]: "This is Our gift, so spend you or withhold, no account will be asked."
The Noble Qur'an - Saba' 34:12-14
12. And to Solomon (We subjected) the wind, its morning (stride from sunrise till midnoon) was a month's (journey), and its afternoon (stride from the midday decline of the sun to sunset) was a month's (journey i.e. in one day he could travel two months' journey). And We caused a fount of (molten) brass to flow for him, and there were jinns that worked in front of him, by the Leave of his Lord, and whosoever of them turned aside from Our Command, We shall cause him to taste of the torment of the blazing Fire.
13. They worked for him what he desired, (making) high rooms, images, basins as large as reservoirs, and (cooking) cauldrons fixed (in their places). "Work you, O family of D?wud (David), with thanks!" But few of My slaves are grateful.
14. Then when We decreed death for him [Sulaim?n (Solomon)], nothing informed them (jinns) of his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick, so when he fell down, the jinns saw clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment.
The Noble Qur'an - An-Naml 27:17-19
17. And there were gathered before Sulaim?n (Solomon) his hosts of jinns and men, and birds, and they all were set in battle order (marching forwards).
18. Till, when they came to the valley of the ants, one of the ants said: "O ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulaim?n (Solomon) and his hosts crush you, while they perceive not."
19. So he [Sulaim?n (Solomon)] smiled, amused at her speech and said: "My Lord! Inspire and bestow upon me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favours which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds that will please You, and admit me by Your Mercy among Your righteous slaves."
The jinn are NOT fallen angels. They were created from a smokeless flame of fire. The first recorded jinn to be disobedient is Iblis. Disbelieving, disobedient jinn and humans are known as shayateen (satans).
The Noble Qur'an - Ar-Rahmaan 55:15, 15
He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery.
And the jinns did He create from a smokeless flame of fire.
The Noble Qur'an - Al-Hijr 15:26-42
26. And indeed, We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.
27. And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire.
28. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "I am going to create a man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.
29. "So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating yourselves unto him."
30. So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together.
31. Except Ibl?s (Satan), - he refused to be among the prostrators.
32. (All?h) said: "O Ibl?s (Satan)! What is your reason for not being among the prostrators?"
33. [Ibl?s (Satan)] said: "I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, whom You created from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud."
34. (All?h) said: "Then, get out from here, for verily, you are Raj?m (an outcast or a cursed one)." [Tafs?r At-Tabar?]
35. "And verily, the curse shall be upon you till the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)."
36. [Ibl?s (Satan)] said: "O my Lord! Give me then respite till the Day they (the dead) will be resurrected."
37. All?h said: "Then, verily, you are of those reprieved,
38. "Till the Day of the time appointed."
39. [Ibl?s (Satan)] said: "O my Lord! Because you misled me, I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead them all.
40. "Except Your chosen, (guided) slaves among them."
41. (All?h) said: "This is the Way which will lead straight to Me."
42. "Certainly, you shall have no authority over My slaves, except those who follow you of the Gh?w?n (Mushrik?n and those who go astray, criminals, polytheists, and evil-doers, etc).
Book - "The World of the Jinn and Devils", p. 7
Ibn Abdul Barr said, "The jinn, according to the scholars of the language, are of different types:
If one is mentioning the jinn purely of themselves, the are called jinni.*
If one is mentioning the jinn that live among mankind, they are called aamar whose plural is amaar.
If one is mentioning the ones that antagonize the young, they are called arwaah.
If one is mentioning the evil ones that antagonize humans they are called shaitan for the singular [and shayateen for plural].
If they cause even more harm and become strong, they are called afreet."**
*Notice the similar sound between jinni and english's "genie". TV and other media have twisted the concept of jinn; however, it is interesting to note its origin is from Islam. "I Dream of Jeannie" is a TV show based around a Genie (jinni, plural of jinn). In this show, Jeannie, the genie, frequently was given a request and the requestor never quite got what was requested as she was always creating unintentional mischief. However we understand that the shaitan among the jinn antagonize humans, not that they are kind beings who accidentally mess up on occasion. Those who seek aid (such as asking for favors or making request) from the jinni will find deception and a twisted type of aid that doesn't really meet the requestor's original request, but that satisfies the shaytaanic jinn's desire for evil.
**An Ifr?t (strong) from the jinns said: "I will bring it to you before you rise from your place (council). And verily, I am indeed strong, and trustworthy for such work." [The Noble Qur'an 27:39]
Narration - Reported by al-Tahhaawi in Mushkil al-Athaar, 4/95, and by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 22/214
Abu Tha'labah al-Khushani said: "The of Allaah said: 'The jinn are of three types: a types that has wings, and they fly through the air; a type that looks like snakes and dogs; and a type that stops for a rest then resumes its journey." [Shaykh al-Albaani said in al-Mishkaat (2/1206, no. 4148): al-Tahhaawi and Abu'l-Shaykh reported it with a saheeh isnaad]
Say " 'audhu billah" (I seek refuge in Allah) and other dhikr (remembrance of Allah, swt) when the evil whisper of Shaitaan comes upon you, such as
when becoming angry,
having confusing or disobedient thoughts,
when approached by arrogants who dispute the Truth of the ayats of Allah, swt,
when about to recite Qur'an,
or when in any situation that Quran and Sunnah teaches you is a result of the shaitaan.
The Noble Qur'an - Fussilat 41:36
And if an evil whisper from Shait?n (Satan) tries to turn you away (O Muhammad SAW) (from doing good, etc.), then seek refuge in All?h. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.
The Noble Qur'an - Al-A'raaf 7:200, 201
And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shait?n (Satan) then seek refuge with All?h. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower.
Verily, those who are Al-Muttaq?n (the pious - see V.2:2), when an evil thought comes to them from Shait?n (Satan), they remember (All?h), and (indeed) they then see (aright).
The Noble Qur'an - Ghaafir 40:56
Verily, those who dispute about the Ay?t (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of All?h, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you (Muhammad SAW) as a of All?h and to obey you]. They will never have it (i.e. Prophethood which All?h has bestowed upon you). So seek refuge in All?h (O Muhammad SAW from the arrogants). Verily, it is He Who is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.
The Noble Qur'an - An-Nahl 16:98
So when you want to recite the Qur'?n, seek refuge with All?h from Shait?n (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).
Hadith - Al-Muwatta 51.10
Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said said, "When the of Allah was taken on the Night Journey, he saw an evil jinn seeking him with a torch of fire. Whenever the of Allah turned, he saw him. Jibril said to him, 'Shall I teach you some words to say? When you say them, his torch will be put out and will fall from him.' The of Allah said, 'Yes, indeed.' Jibril said, 'Say, 'I seek refuge with the Noble Face of Allah and with the complete words of Allah which neither the good person nor the corrupt can exceed, from the evil of what descends from the sky and the evil of what ascends in it, and from the evil of what is created in the earth and the evil of what comes out of it, and from the trials of the night and day, and from the visitations of the night and day, except for one that knocks with good, O Merciful!" "'
Audhu bi wajhi'llahi' l-karim wa bi kalimati'llahi't-tammati. Allati la yujawazu hunna barra wa la fajir, min sharri ma yanzil min as-sama, wa sharri ma yaruju fiha, wa sham ma dhara' fi'l-ard, wa sharri ma yakhruju minha, wa min fitani'l-layli wa'n-nahar, wa min tawariqi'l-layli wa'n-nahar illa tariqan yatruq bikhayr ya Rahman!
Say Bismillah and then the du'a below before entering the toilet area...
Hadith - Al-Tirmidhi 358, Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib
Allah's said: The screen between the eyes of Jinn and the private parts of the sons of Adam as one of them enters the privy is that he should say: In the name of Allah. [This hadith has been transmitted by Tirmidhi and he said: It is a gharib hadith and its isnad is not sound.]
[Bismillahi] Allahumma inna 'audhu bika minal khubthi wal khabaa'ith.
[By the Name of Allah]. Oh Allah, I seek protection in You from unclean spirits, male and female. [Abu Dawud 4/264, Ahmad 2/389]
The ayat "Al-Kursi" (2:255) is well-known as a means for repelling mischievious jinn...
The Noble Qur'an - Al-Baqara 2:255
Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever, Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great (Ayat-ul-Kursi).
Hadith - Tirmidhi 2173, Narrated Jubayr ibn Nufayr [Darimi transmitted it in mursal form].
Allah's said, "Allah finished Surat al-Baqarah with two verses which I have been given from His treasure which is under the Throne; so learn them and teach them to your womenfolk, for they are a blessing, a means of a approach (to Allah) and a supplication."
Ibn Taimiya, Majmu, vol. 19, p. 55
"The numerous people who have experienced these events all confirm the amazing effectiveness of this verse in warding off jinn and breaking their spells. It [editor's note: ayat al-Kursi] has a great effect in repelling devils from humans, from the possessed and from those picked out by jinn, such as wrongdoers, people with bad tempers, those who follow their desires and lusts, musicians and those who become ecstatic through whistling and clapping. If these verses are read over them with sincerity to Allah, the jinn will leave. It will put an end to the mirages created by the jinn. It will also disclose the falseness of those, the brothers of the jinn, who perform miraculous acts. The jinn inspire their devotees with some knowledge that the ignorant think are miracles that Allah grants His pious servants. In fact, they are simply Shaytaan's acts of deception over his devotees, of those whom have earned Allah's wrath and those who have gone astray."
Hadith - Tirmidhi 2145, Narrated An-Nu'man ibn Bashir
Allah's said, "Two thousand years before creating the heavens and the Earth, Allah inscribed a book of which He sent down two verses with which He concluded surat al-Baqarah. The Devil will not come near a house in which they are recited three nights." [Tirmidhi and Darimi transmitted it, Tirmidhi saying this is a gharib tradition.]
Make du'a (supplication) such as the following:
The Noble Qur'an - Al-Baqarah 2:286
All?h burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. "Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maul? (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people."
Recite Surahs Al-Falaq (Chapter 113) and An-Nas (Chapter 114)..
Hadith - Al-Tirmidhi 1019, Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri
The Prophet used to seek protection against the Jinn and the evil eye till surahs al-Falaq and an-Nas were revealed. After they were revealed he stuck to them and discarded everything beside them. [Transmitted by Tirmidhi]
Hadith - Al-Tirmidhi 4563, Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri
Allah's used to seek refuge in Allah from jinn and the evil eye in men till the Mu'awwidhatan came down, after which he made use of them and abandoned everything else. [Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah transmitted it, Tirmidhi saying this is a hasan gharib tradition
The Noble Qur'an - An-Naas 114
1. Say: "I seek refuge with (All?h) the Lord of mankind,
2. "The King of mankind,
3. "The Il?h (God) of mankind,
4. "From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one's heart after one remembers All?h),
5. "Who whispers in the breasts of mankind,
6. "Of jinns and men."
The Noble Qur'an - Al-An'aam 6:128
And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): "O you assembly of jinns! Many did you mislead of men," ...
The Noble Qur'an - Al-'Anaam 6:112
And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shay?tin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception)....
The Noble Qur'an - An-Nahl 16:99-100
Verily! He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (All?h).
His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Satan), and those who join partners with Him (All?h) [i.e. those who are Mushrik?n - polytheists - see Verse 6:121].
The Noble Qur'an - Ibrahiim 14:22
And Shait?n (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: "Verily, All?h promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with All?h (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Z?lim?n (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.)."
The Noble Qur'an - Al-Israa' 17:61-65
And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate unto Adam." They prostrated except Ibl?s (Satan). He said: "Shall I prostrate to one whom You created from clay?"
[Ibl?s (Satan)] said: "See? This one whom You have honoured above me, if You give me respite (keep me alive) to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely seize and mislead his offspring (by sending them astray) all but a few!"
(All?h) said: "Go, and whosoever of them follows you, surely! Hell will be the recompense of you (all) an ample recompense.
"And Istafziz [literally means: befool them gradually] those whom you can among them with your voice (i.e. songs, music, and any other call for All?h's disobedience), make assaults on them with your cavalry and your infantry, mutually share with them wealth and children (by tempting them to earn money by illegal ways usury, etc., or by committing illegal sexual intercourse, etc.), and make promises to them." But Satan promises them nothing but deceit.
"Verily! My slaves (i.e the true believers of Isl?mic Monotheism), you have no authority over them. And All-Sufficient is your Lord as a Guardian."
Supplication for one afflicted by whisperings in prayer or recitation...
Hadith - Sahih Muslim 5463, Narrated Uthman ibn Abul'As, r.a.
Uthman came to Allah's and said: Allah's , the Satan intervenes between me and my prayer and my reciting of the Qur'an and he confounds me. Thereupon Allah's said: That is (the doing of the Satan) who is known as Khinzab, and when you perceive its effect, seek refuge with Allah from it and spit* three times to your left. I did that and Allah dispelled that from me.
* this is a dry spit in the air
The Noble Qur'an - Az-Zaariyaat 51:56
And I (All?h) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone).
Hadith - Tirmidhi 861, Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah, Tirmidhi reported and said: This is a gharib hadith.
Allah's came out to his companions and recited Surah ar-Rahman (55) from the beginning to the end, but they remained silent. Thereupon he said: I recited this before the Jinn on the night of Jinn, and their response was better than that of yours. When I came to these words: ..Then which of the favours of your Lord do you deny?' They said: Our Lord, there is nothing that we deny of Thy favour; to Thee is praise due.
The Noble Qur'an - Al-Jinn 72:1-14
Say (O Muhammad ): "It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinns listened (to this Qur'?n). They said: 'Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recital (this Qur'?n)!
'It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (All?h).
'And exalted be the Majesty of our Lord, He has taken neither a wife, nor a son (or offspring or children).
'And that the foolish among us [i.e. Ibl?s (Satan) or the polytheists amongst the jinns] used to utter against All?h that which was wrong and not right.
'And verily, we thought that men and jinns would not utter a lie against All?h.
'And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the masculine among the jinns, but they (jinns) increased them (mankind) in sin and disbelief.
'And they thought as you thought, that All?h will not send any (to mankind or jinns).
'And we have sought to reach the heaven; but found it filled with stern guards and flaming fires.
'And verily, we used to sit there in stations, to (steal) a hearing, but any who listens now will find a flaming fire watching him in ambush.
'And we know not whether evil is intended for those on earth, or whether their Lord intends for them a Right Path.
'There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups each having a different way (religious sect, etc.).
'And we think that we cannot escape (from the punishment of) All?h in the earth, nor can we escape (from the punishment) by flight.
'And indeed when we heard the Guidance (this Qur'?n), we believed therein (Isl?mic Monotheism), and whosoever believes in his Lord shall have no fear, either of a decrease in the reward of his good deeds or an increase in punishment for his sins.
'And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to All?h, after listening to this Qur'?n), and of us some are Al-Q?sit?n (disbelievers those who have deviated from the Right Path)'. And whosoever has embraced Isl?m (i.e. has become a Muslim by submitting to All?h), then such have sought the Right Path."
The shaytaan (satan) can be human or jinn...
The Noble Qur'an - Al-An'aam 6:112
And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shay?tin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications.
Know your enemy...
The Noble Qur'an - Faatir 35:6
Surely, Shait?n (Satan) is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy. He only invites his Hizb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the blazing Fire.
The Noble Qur'an - Az-Zukhruf 43:62
And let not Shait?n (Satan) hinder you (from the right religion, i.e. Isl?mic Monotheism), Verily, he (Satan) to you is a plain enemy.
Shaitaan tells you to fear people instead of Allah, swt...
The Noble Qur'an - Az-Zukhruf 43:62
It is only Shait?n (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliy?' [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of All?h and in His, Muhammad), so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers.
The words of rejecting disbelief (Rud-A-Kuffer)?
Allahumma innii a'udhu bika min an ushrika bika shai-anw- wa ana a'lamu bihii. Tubtu anhu wa tabarra-tu min al-kufri wash-shirki wal-kizdhbi wal-ghiibati wal-bid'ati wan-namiimati wal fawaahishi wal-buhtani w-al-ma'aasii kulliha. Wa aslamtu wa aquulu La illaha illAllahu Muhammadur RasulAllah
(O Allah! Certainly I seek protection with You from, that I associate partner with You anything and I know it. And I seek forgiveness from You for that I do not know it. I repended from it and I made myself free from disbelief and polytheism and the falsehood and the back-biting and the innovation and the tell-tales and the bad deeds and the blame and the disobedience, all of them. And I submit and I say (there is) none worthy of worship except Allah, Muhammad is the of Allah.)
The 6 (six) Kalimas are recorded in various books of knowledge, and are recited (and remembered) by people across the globe. These kalimas were compiled together for children to memorise and learn the basic fundamentals of a Muslim's beliefs. They are not found altogether complete in any one hadith or narration from the Prophet (pbuh). However, some of them can be found individually in the narrations.
Listed below are the 6 well known Kalimas.
The Word of Purity (Tayyabah)
La ilaha ill Allah Muhammadur-Rasul Allah
(There is no God but Allah Muhammad is the of Allah)
The word of Testimony (Shahaadat)
Ash-hadu an-La illaha ill Allahu, Wahdahu La Sharika lah, wa ash-Hadu anna Muhammadan 'abduhu wa Rasoolu
(I bear witness that no-one is worthy of worship but Allah, the One alone, without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and)
The word of Glorification (Tumjeed)
Subhan Allahu, wal Hamdu lillahi, wa la illaha ilAllahu, wallahu Akbar. wa La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah-al 'alii-al 'adheem
(Glory be to Allah and Praise to Allah, and there is no God But Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. And there is no Might or Power except with Allah.)
The word of Unity (Tauhid)
La ilaha illAllahu Wahdahu La Shareeka lahu, lahulmulk, wa lahulhamd, yuhyee wa yumeet, wa huwa hayy la yumoot abadan abada Dhul Jalaali waal Ikram beyadihi alkhayr, wa huwa 'ala kulli Shay'in Qadeer
(There is) none worthy of worship except Allah. He is only One. (There is) no partners for Him. For Him (is) the Kingdom. And for Him (is) the Praise. He gives life and acuses death. And He (is) Alive. He will not die, never, ever. Possessor of Majesty and Reverence. In His hand (is) the goodness. And He (is) the goodness. And He (is) on everything powerful.)
The word of Penitence (Astaghfar)
Astaghfirullaha Rabbi min kulli dhanbin adhnabtahu amadan aw khata'an, sirran aw alaniyatan, wa atubuhu ilayhi min adh-dhanb illadhi a'lamu, wa min adh-dhanb illadhi la a'lamu, innaka anta allamal ghuyub, wa sattar ul'uyoubi, wa ghaffarudh dhunub, wa la hawla wa la quwwatta illa billahil 'aliy-al 'adheem
(I seek forgiveness from Allah, my Lord, from every sin I committed knowingly or unknowingly, secretly or openly, and I turn towards Him from the sin that I know and from the sin that I do not know. Certainly You, You (are) the knower of the hidden things and the Concealer (of) the mistakes and the Forgiver (of) the sins. And (there is) no power and no strength except from Allah, the Most High, the Most Great)