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Saif313
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Posted on Thu, Nov 16, 2006 15:47

Introduction All praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds and peace and blessing be upon the best of creation who was sent down as a mercy for the worlds His beloved Prophet Muhammad . Here we present a compilation of virtues of the Islamic greeting, Salaam Offering Salaam Is An Islamic Duty It has been narrated from Hazrat Ali(ra) that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "Commonly in Islam there are six rights of a Muslim upon a Muslim: when he meets him he should give him salaam; when he invites him (to a meal) he should accept it; when he sneezes he should bless him; when he falls ill he should visit him; when he dies he should accompany his funeral and he should prefer for him that which he prefers for himself." Replying To Salaam Is A Duty Of A Muslim Nasai narrates from Hazrat Abu Hurairah(ra) that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "There are rights of a Muslim over a Muslim: Responding to salaam, visiting the sick, following the bier (A platform upon which the corpse rests), accepting an invitation (to a meal) and blessing a person who sneezes." This narration has been narrated in Sahih Muslim in these words, "There are six rights upon a Muslim". The Prophet(saw) was asked, "What are these O? Prophet of Allah?" The Prophet(saw) replied, "When you meet him, give him salaam, when he invites you, (to a meal) accept it, when he seeks counselling from you give him counselling and when he sneezes and says Alhamdulillah, bless him, when he falls ill visit him and when he dies accompany his funeral." Warning Upon Not Replying To The Salaam It has been narrated from Abdur Rahmaan ibn Shayba(ra) he says the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "A rider should give salaam to a walking person, a walking person should give salaam to a seated person, a small group should give salaam to a larger group, whoever then responds to salaam, it is for his benefit, and he who does not respond to salaam, is not from amongst us." Ibn Sunni has narrated this and also Imaam Bukhari in his book Al Adabul Mufrad. On these bases Allama Nawawi in his commentary of Sahih Muslim has said, "To commence salaam is Sunnah and to reply is Wajib." Similarly Hafiz ibn Abdul Bar(rah) says, "It is an unanimous agreement of the Muslims that to commence Salaam is Sunnah and to reply is Wajib." The Virtue of Commencing Salaam It has been narrated by Abu Umamah(ra) that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "Whoever commences Salaam is very close to Allah and His Messenger Muhammad(saw)" Ibn Sunni has narrated this. In Imaam Ahmad?s narration there is, "The closest to Allah, the most glorious and eminent one, from amongst all the people is the one who commences salaam." Similarly Tabrani narrates from Abu Darda(ra), who says that we asked the Holy Prophet(saw) , "O Prophet of Allah, we meet each other, so who from amongst us should give salaam first?" The Holy Prophet(saw) replied, "The one who is the most obedient to Allah from amongst you." Reward For Giving Salaam It has been narrated by Saalim(ra) that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "He who says Assalaamu Alaikum (Peace be upon you) ten rewards are written down for him, and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah (Peace be upon you and Allah?s mercy) for him twenty rewards are written down and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (Peace be upon you and Allah?s mercy and blessing) thirty rewards are written down (for him)." In support of this Hadith we find a narration by Ibn Umar(ra) in Musannaf-Abdul-Razzak; It has been narrated in this Hadith that a person came in the presence of the Holy Prophet(saw) and said, "Assalamu Alaikum." The Holy Prophet(saw) replied, "Ten." Then a second Sahabi came and said, "Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah." The Holy Prophet(saw) replied, "Twenty." Then a third Sahabi arrived and said, "Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh." Upon this the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "Thirty." That is to say upon three words thirty rewards will be written down. What is Salaam? Imam Baihaqi narrates in discontinuation from Ibne Abbas(ra), that As-Salaam is amongst Allah?s names and also this is the greeting of the dwellers of Paradise. Imaam Bukhari in his Al-Adabul-Mufrad narrates from Hazrat Anas(ra) that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "As-salaam is indeed a name from the names of Allah, which Allah has placed upon the Earth, therefore spread salaam amongst yourselves in abundance." The Manner of giving Salaam Abu Yala(rah) narrates from Hazrat Abu Hurairah(ra) that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "When anyone of you decides to offer salaam he should say ?Assalaamu Alaikum?, because Allah, the most Glorious and Eminent one is As-salaam, for this reason do not commence with anything before saying Allah?s name." Conduct With The Person Who Does Not Say Salaam It has been narrated from Ibn Umar(ra), that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "He who speaks without firstly giving salaam, then do not answer him (to what he has to say)." Spread Salaam Hazrat Abdullah ibn Salaam(ra) says, "When the Holy Prophet(saw) arrived in Madinah, the people lost no time in arriving in the presence of the Holy Prophet . I was amongst the people who had arrived to see him. When I looked with thoughtfulness at the Holy Prophet?s radiant face, I realised with certainty that this is no face of a liar." Abdullah ibn Salaam(ra) says, "The very first thing which I heard the Holy Prophet(saw) say was, ?O? People, spread salaam and feed the people, keep good relations with your kith and kin and at nightfall engage yourself in salaah while others are asleep, for you will enter Paradise safely." In Mu?atta, Tufail ibn Abi Shayba regarding Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhuma says that one day when I came to Abdullah ibn Umar, he asked me to go to the market (with him). I asked, "What are you going to do in the market? You do not go to any salesman, or ask about any goods or its price nor do you want to sit in any market gatherings, so stay here with us, we will talk here." Abdullah ibn Umar then said, "O Abu Battan, (he called him Abu Battan because Tufail ibn Abi had a large stomach) we are going to the market for the cause of giving salaam." Similarly Ibn Sunni has narrated about Abu Imaam Baa?ali that he said to Muhammad ibn Ziyaad, "O my nephew the Holy Prophethas commanded us that we spread salaam." A Rider Should Give Salaam To A Walking Person It has been narrated by Fudhala ibn Ubaid that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "A rider should give salaam to a walking person, a walking person should give salaam to a standing person and a small group of people should give salaam to a larger group." Similarly it has been narrated by Hazrat Jabir that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "An elder person should give salaam to a younger one, one person should give salaam to two, a small group of people should give salaam to a larger one, a rider should give salaam to a walking person, a passer-by should give salaam to a standing person and a person who is standing should give salaam to a seated person." Likewise it has been narrated by Abu Hurairah that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "A rider should give salaam to a walking person and a walking person should give salaam to a seated person and when a small group of people pass by a larger group they (the smaller group) should give salaam." Similarly it has been narrated by Jabir that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "A rider should give salaam to a walking person and a walking person should give salaam to a seated person, but if two walking persons meet each other, then whoever commences salaam first from the two, is superior." Similarly it is narrated by Hazrat Abu Hurairah he the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "A younger person should give salaam to an elder person, a by-passer to a seated person and a small group of people to a larger group." Giving And Replying To Salaam From One Person Is Sufficient It has been narrated by Hazrat Ali(ra) that the Holy Prophet(saw) said, "The salaam of a person, from a passing group of people, will be sufficient on behalf of all the group, likewise if one person from those who are seated replies to the salaam, it will be sufficient on behalf of all the rest."


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