The Prerequisites of the Declaration of Faith
Every Muslim knows that the key to Paradise is the statment, "There is none worthy of worship except Allah." Yet too many Muslims simply rely upon this statment and believe that as long as they have made this statment, nothing will harm them. They think will be granted Paradise because of this mere verbal statment of the Shahadah.
There is no question that the mere saying of," I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger," is not sufficient for salvation.
In fact, the hypocrites used to make this statment quite often yet Allah describes them as liars and says that they shall abide in the lowest abyss of the Hell-fire.
As many scholars state, though, this statment or testimony is the key Paradise. The famous Follower Wahb ibn Munabbih was once asked, " Isn't
the statment of la ilaha illa-llah the key to Paradise?" He answered, "Yes, but every key has ridges. If you come with the key that has the right ridges, the door will open for you. Yet if you don't have the right ridges the door will not open for you" That is, it is saying must meet certain conditions. These conditions are what will differentiate the person who
will benefit from his making of that statment from the one who will not benefit from that statment, no matter how many times a day he may have made
Before discussing the conditions of the Shahadah, there is one more point that I feel compelled to make. That is, some people have a tendency to take one hadith or one verse and then based on that one text, they will
make some conclusion that, for example, whoever simply says" There is no God except Allah" will enter Paradise. But, actually, we should all realize
that all of the Quran and Hadith complement each other and explain one another. To find the correct position on any one question, one must bring together all of the related verses and hadith and see what the true Islamic postion is of that question. The same is true for the conditions of the shahadah.
If we study the verses of the Quran and the Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him), we will find that the conditions of the shahadah are seven, eight or nine in number depending on how we look at them. It is important
that all of us make sure that we are meeting these conditions in our own lives and in our own testimony of faith. We must do our best to satisfy these conditions before it is too late and our testimony will be no avail
whatsoever. It is not simply for the sake of teaching these conditions.
Indeed, there is no benefit to that. But it is, instead, for all of us to look to ourselves and to make sure that we are actually meeting these conditions so that, by Allah's mercy, the doors to Paradise will be open for us by our key of la ilaha illa-llah.
To continue go to The conditions of La ilaha illa-llah 1-3
We may sum up the following from Al- Wabil Al-Saib by Ibn Al-Qayyim:(pp.38-88.)
1, 73- Dhikr drives Satan away and suppresses him;
2- Pleases the All Merciful, Exalted and Glorified be He;
3- Removes affliction and sorrow from the heart;
4- Causes joy, pleasure and happiness in the hearts;
5- Strengthens the heart and body;
6- Enlightens the face and heart;
7- Brings sustenance;
8- Provides man with dignity, beauty and brightness;
9- Grants men love which is the spirit and core of Islam and the essence of happiness and salvation;
10- Implants in him the character of constantly contemplating of Allah and His benevolence which leads man to worship Allah as if he sees Him;
11- Urges man to be in constant repentance to Allah, Exalted and Glorified be He;
12- Brings man closer to Allah Most High;
13- Facilitates learning and education, i.e., the more adherent man is to Dhikr, the more cultured he is in knowledge;
14- Implants in man the glorification of his Lord, Glorified and Exalted be He, which fills his conscious heart;
15-Grants man the remembrance by Allah Most High since He says,
(So, remember Me, (and) I will remember you) (Al-Baqarah: 152)
16- Keeps life in one's heart, (lbn Tayimiyyah (may Allah bestow mercy upon him) says, Dhikr is vital to the heart as water is vital to fish. Can you imagine the state of fish without water! The same is true with man without Dhikr
17- It is the fuel of the heart and the soul i.e., man without Dhikr is like the body without sustenance;
18- It purifies the heart from impurities caused by negligence and sins which can only be removed by seeking forgiveness of Allah and Dhikr;
19- Obliterates sins: Since it is one of the most virtuous deeds and it is agreed upon that virtuous deeds obliterates evil deeds;
20- It removes the alienation between man and his Lord, Glorified and Dignified be He;
21- Guarantees the divine Help to man in times of adversity;
22- Makes Allah know man in times of hardship since man knows Him in times of prosperity;
23- Protects man against the torture of the Hell;
24- Calmness descends upon him, mercy covers him and the angels surround him;
25, 72- It prevents one from backbiting, gossiping, lying, obscene speech, falsehood and nonsense;
26- The assemblies of Dhikr are surrounded by angels while the assemblies for nonsense are surrounded by devils;
27- It pleases the one who makes mention of Allah and the one who accompanies him;
28- Protects man against sorrow on the Day of Judgment;
29- Allah Most High will give shade to the one who habitually remembers Him in seclusion and his eyes then flood with tears on the Day when there will be no shade but His;
30, 31- Dhikr is one of the most simple yet virtuous deeds;
32- It results in unique and great rewards and recompense;
33- It prevents the negligence of Allah which is the cause of mis?erliness in this world and the world to come. Allah Most High, says,
(And do not be like those who forget Allah; and He made them forget themselves.) (AI-Hashr: 19)
34- It is an easy act of worship, i.e., man may remember Allah on his bed and in the marketplace, in health, illness, prosperity and in adversity;
35- It will be a light for man in this life, in the grave and in the Hereafter when the light of believing men and women runs before them and by their right hands;
36- It is the essence of the fundamentals, the way of the common and the feature of righteousness. Thus whoever is guided to it, he will be guided to the way of Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He;
37- Only the remembrance of Allah can prevent loneliness of the heart;
38- It brings together the heart, the will and interests, while ban?ishing sins and devils;
39- It awakens the heart, bringing what is far from one's heart (Hereafter) to be close to it and turning away what is close from one's heart far from it;
40- It is like a fruit tree bearing fruits of Tawheed (the Oneness of Allah) and belief,
41- Allah Most High will be with man when he is in remem?brance of Him, i.e., Allah will bless, guide and help him;
42- It is equal to the freeing of slaves, charity and Jihad with one's riches and self in the Way of Allah;
43- It is at pinnacle of thanking Allah as the one who does not maintain the Remembrance of Allah, will never thank Him;
44- The most honorable of men in the Sight of Allah is the one whose tongue is always wet with the Remembrance of Allah;
45- It removes the hardness of the heart;
46- It is the remedy of the heart while negligence is its illness;
47- It is the essence of taking Allah as the Patron, whereas negli?gence is the essence of enmity with Allah;
48- The one who stays in remembrance of Allah, deserves His bounties and keeps himself away from Allah's wrath;
49- Allah and the angels bless the one who mentions Allah. Allah Most High says: "He it is who sends blessings on you, as do His angels, that He may bring you out of the depth of darkness into light" (AI-Ahzab; 43)
50- Whoever wishes to dwell in the gardens of Paradise should observe the gatherings of Dhikr;
51- The gatherings of Dhikr are the gatherings of the angels;
52- Allah Most High shows pride in those who mention Him to His angels;
53- Those who are obsessed with the Remembrance of Allah will enter Paradise laughing;
54- All actions, in fact, are legalized to serve the rite of Dhikr;
55- The most virtuous man is one who mentions Allah most, e.g., the most virtuous man among those who observe fasting is one who mentions Allah most;
56- It substitutes all other voluntary righteous deeds whether physical, financial or both physical and financial ones like voluntary Hajj;
57- It helps man to obey Allah. It makes obedience lovable, easy and interesting. Obedience, therefore, will be the delight of his eyes and the pleasure of his self. Unlike the disobedient, the obedient man will find no hardship nor difficulty in obeying Allah;
58- Dhikr turns any difficulty into easy;
59- It removes all anxieties from the heart;
60- Those who seek the Hereafter are vying with each other (to attain the pleasure of Allah), and those who make mention of Allah are in front of them;
61-It provides man with power to the extent that one can fulfill tremendous tasks which he cannot fulfill without Dhikr;
62- It characterizes man with truthfulness;
63- It is the cause of building palaces for the person in Paradise. When man does not make Dhikr, the angels stop building;
64- Dhikr is a barrier between man and Hell;
65- Angels ask Allah to forgive those who remember Him as they ask such for the repentants;
66- Mountains and deserts celebrate and welcome the existence of one who mentions Allah on them. Mujahid states, 'The mountains call each other by their names saying, 'Have any passerby appeared today mentioning Allah?' Some reply in affirmative while others in negative;
67- It protects man against hypocrisy. Allah Most High says: "But little do they hold Allah in remembrance" (An-Nisa': 142);
68-Those who engage in the Remembrance of Allah find unparal?leled joys. This, however, is the cause of naming the gatherings of Dhikr as the gardens of Paradise;
69- It gives brightness to faces in this world and light in the world to come;
70- Dhikr in various places, e.g., roads, house, cities..., will mul?tiply one's witnesses on the Day of Judgment. Allah Most High says; "On that day will she declare her tidings" (Al-Zalzalah; 4)
71- Dhikr consists of praising Allah, while Du 'a' consists of asking for a need. Consequently, Dhikr is more virtuous than Du 'a';
74- Reciting the Quran is more virtuous than Dhikr and Dhikr is more virtuous than Du 'a'. In some cases, however, Dhikr may be more virtuous than reciting the Quran, e.g., Dhikr is recommended in Sujud (prostration) and Ruku' (bowing) while reciting the Quran is ab?horred or forbidden in these positions.
Dhikr is defined by scholars as glorifying, exalting, praising and attributing Allah Most High with Perfection, Majesty and Beauty by both tongue and heart. (what is meant by Dhikr is the Dhikr which is in accordance to Sari'ah.)
Allah Most High, says;
(So, remember me, (and) I will remember you) (Al-Baqarab;152)
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) says: "The likeness of one who mentions his Lord and the one who does not, is that of the alive and dead"
Some of the pious men used to say, "Unfortunate are the men of this world as they left this world while they never tasted the joys of the most good therein, "He then was asked, "What is the most good therein? He responded, "It is the love of Allah, knowing and remem?bering Him"
On the authority of Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with both of them) who said that, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: "Verily Satan is perching over one's heart. when one makes mention of Allah, Satan withdraws; but when man neglects (the Remembrance of Allah), Satan Will go on whispering (in man's heart). (Reported by Al-Bukari)
The one who engages in remembrance of Allah should observe the following:
1- The place should be clean and pure;
2- To clean his mouth using Miswak (tooth-brush);
3- To face the Qiblah (Ka'bah);
4- To reflect on what one says;
5- To seek explanation from scholars about what he does not know;
Here, we should keep in mind that one will never be rewarded for Dhikr unless he engages in Remembrance of Allah with his tongue and heart. Reciting the Quran is the most virtuous kind of Dhikr ex?cept in some cases (as above explained). Those who get accustomed to the supplications of night and day and the supplications recommended for various situations are recorded among men and women who en?gage much in Allah's Remembrance (whom Allah praises in Surah Al?Ahzab, verse 35).
Whoever has missed the whole of his Wird (daily supplication), should catch a part of so that he does not get accustomed to neglecting it altogether.
In the name of Allah
The question of Jihad in the cause of God is of an utmost importance in the lives of Muslims, God glorified the ancient Muslims by Jihad and they spread the religion all over the globe, and people came out of the dark into the light of day. And the state of Islam will remain compelling through its enemy if it sticks to Jihad and seak God's content. And if they leave Jihad then the enemy will mistreat them and be powerful upon Muslims, taking some of the hands.
Our prophet said: "While you leaving Jihad and being weak and lazy and torturing the weak muslims and cheating people when selling, God will shame you and He will never forgive you and leave that shame until you come back again to God's religion and return to Jihad. Imam Ahamed supports this prophetic tradition.
Albukhari said: "In the chapter of warning Muslims to have the machine of planting or surpassing the limits God mentioned, he said also that our prophet saw the planting machine in a house. And Abou Omama Albahely said that he heard prophet Muhammad saying about this matter of having the planting machine "If it enters a house shame enters then" Albukhari supported and Fath (4:5)
Ibn Hagar said as the saying of Dawody that anyone having this machine will leave horsemanship and the enemy will be tyrannical upon him, he has to practice horsemanship and somebody else can supply them with their needs. (Fath Albary)
Jihad is not the actual purpose and aim, but it is a means to invite people and calling them to the true religion of God, to make them enjoy this gift, so when the unfair rulers prevent the truth to reach people, Jihad was imposed upon people to conquer the countries and to put an end to those unfair rulers who stay to prevent people to know the true path, then inviting them and making them know why they were created and where they are going.
When Rustum the Persian ruler asked Rabie Ibn Amer the messenger of Saad Ibn Aby Waqas: Who are you? He replied: We are people God created to make people chosen by God worship God the all and one, not to worship slaves, Allah is the God of slaves and he is the God of everything , and to make people change the unfair religions into the justice of Islam, and from the small space of life to the large area of life and the hereafter, God sent us with his true religion as a message to people, we invite them to enter Islam, he who accepts we will leave him to be happy with his true religion, but he who will refuse we will fight him till the end. By this way we will reach what God promised, they asked: "So what is the promise of God" he replied: "Paradise for he who dies in fighting those refusers, and the glory will be for the surviver" (Albidaya - Ibn Katheer 7-39)
In fact, this religion is not a document to the Arab liberation, it is not a special message or an exception for the Arabs, its theme is human being, the type of human being,and its area is the land of all the earth.
Allah is not only the God of Arabs alone, he is not only the God of who espouse the Islamic faith alone, Allah is the God of both worlds, and this religion wants to restore the two worlds back to their God and to uproot them from slavery to others, because the atheism is like cancer or more violent.
So if the disbeliever does not believe in Islam or submit to the Islamic leadership, he must be uprooted so as not to ruin the society he lives in, Allah said: "But Allah willed to justify the truth according to His words, and to cut off the roots of the unbelievers"
Jihad is divided into two types:
1 the forcing Jihad: it is a religious duty upon the people of the city, every Muslim living in that city which is invaded by the enemy, it is also a duty upon those who live nearby and they have not to refuse, also a duty upon those who live in a remote distance if they are needed to complete the number, and those who follow in distance as much as possible, those who retard to take part will be sinful and they will not have excuse with God.
2 Jihad demand: it is to exit and demand the enemy in their own land, it is a collective duty, if the sufficient number participate on, others will not be sinners, and if the defiance took part it is forbidden for the attenders to leave.
Another section of duty of Jihad was imposed on Imam and it is to send a group to fight enemies once a year, he should go he himself until they enter into Islam, or give the tribute while they are feeling shame. There is also donation in Jihad and it is to send a group after group to the enemy at the periods of peace to appear in a powerful state to make them feel scared. So Jihad is a compelling invitation , it must be done as much as possible until there will not be but a Muslim or a peaceable and it must not stop.
On the other hand, the saying that Islam did not know but the defensive war and the origin in treating the unbeliever is peace not fighting is a created saying, new, and an aberrance those who are spiritually and mentally defeated created it, that is because of the pressure of the contemporary reality, and they disagree with the plain proofs, Allah said: "and fight them until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevails justice and faith in Allah altogether and everywhere."
The greatest aim of the Islamic Jihad is to make people come back to the origin which is the true religion, that is to submit to God the one and only, so as to be happy and successful in their lives and the hereafter, the first characteristic of Godhood is the right of unlimited governorship which comes from the right of law making for the mankind, the right of making lives system,and the right of making methods in which that life is based on. We are obligated to try to carry out this straight course, and it will not happen without Jihad. look deeply to reality now, what will happen if the unbelievers defeat us? They will impose their system and the rubbish of their morals thoughts, he who thinks if making peace with the unbelievers that they will let him and stay in his lands is mistaken, and he has external thought, he has an exterior analysis who thinks that the unbelievers' aims is the lands, riches, and fortunes of Muslims , this is an aim, but it comes last in their aims, their primary aim is to spread their religion, color, and their disbelief: "They but wish that ye should reject Faith, as they do, and thus be on the same footing (as they)"
So, Jihad which was legislated by God and was put into effect through prophet Muhammad may God send his peace and blessings upon him in the reality of earth, be that or shame, laziness,cowardice , and sticking to the pleasures of the lower life .
This and the thank is to Allah firstly and finally.
Written by :Sayd Rajab
Translated by: Mohamed Hassan A. Wahed
Ibn AI-Qayyim (may Allah bestow mercy upon him) says:
"Glory be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds! The one who stays away from sins will receiveg but dignity, protection of honor, security of property, the love and respect of people, honorable life, comfort of the body, strength of heart, satisfaction, delight, expansion of breast, security from aggression, relief, brightness of the heart, the easiness of earning livelihood, obedience to Allah, knowledge acquisition, a good-reputation, people making Du' a' for him, beauty of face, rever?ence in the hearts of people, help and maintenance of men, removal of the alienation between him and his Lord, the nearness of angels, the abandonment of jinn and human devils, the competition among people to serve and accompany him, the love of death to meet his Lord, great concern in the Hereafter to gain Allah's Grace, tasting the joys of obe?dience and belief, Du'a' for him by the ones who bears the Throne and the ones around it, the pleasure of the Honorable Writers and making Du'a' for him in all times, the consciousness of heart, strength of belief, an increase in their knowledge, attainment of Al?lah's; Love and His Pleasure in their repentance.
These are the fruits of desisting sins in this life. furthermore, when the obedient servant dies, the angels meet him with glad tiding saying, 'Do not fear (anything), nor do You grieve, and have good tidings of the Garden that you are promised." He will move from the im?prisonment of this world to a garden of Paradise where he enjoys until the Day of Judgment. In addition, on the Day of Judgement he will stand in the Shade of Allah when there is no shade but His. At the end, he will be among the righteous and prosperous persons. Surely, that is the Grace of Allah; He brings it to whomsoever He decides; and Allah is the Owner of the Magnificent Grace." (lbn Al-Qayyim, Fawn 'd, pp.151, 152.)
O Lord, Glory be to You! I am incapable of counting Your prais?es. You are as You have described Yourself! You are the One, the Ev?erlasting Refuge, Who begets not, nor is He begotten, and there is none like unto Him.
Allah Most High says,
(And of everything We created pairs, that possibly you would be mindful. Therefore flee unto Allah: I am a warner to you, clear and open.) (AI-Dhariyat: 49, 50)
Ibn Kathir (may Allah bestow mercy upon him) says, (Allah has created pairs of everything) i.e.,heaven and earth; night and day; sun arid moon; water and land; light and darkness; belief and unbelief; life and death; happiness and miserliness; Paradise and Hell.., etc. This rule is correct also in animals and plants. Allah, therefore, reminds,
(That possibly you would be mindful,) i.e., to believe that Allah is the only Creator, Who has no partner. (Therefore flee unto Allah.) Mankind then should return to Him and depend on Him in all affairs. (I am a warner to you, clear and open. And do not make any other as object of worship with Allah,) i.e., do not associate anything with Him.
Salamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatu Allah
The first feature of the driving force of the Islamic preaching resides ? in our opinion ? in the manner in which it presented the religious truth and tried to cease the disputes about its subject.
In fact the Quran insists with much force and tenacity and affirms categorically not only that all the prophets constitute one and indivisible religious community under the aegis of the Lord:
Verily, this Brotherhood of yours is a single Brotherhood, and I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore serve Me (and no other). (21-92)
And verily this Brotherhood of yours is a single Brotherhood. And I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore fear Me (and no other). (23-52)
But also that this unity was primitively that of all men but the successors were the ones who were disunited.
Mankind was but one nation, but differed (later). Had it not been for a Word that went forth before from thy Lord, their differences would have been settled between them. (10-19)
And always consequent with itself, the Quran does not define Islam as a new Mohammedanism rivaling with Mosaicism and Christianism and disputing them the honour of veracity. But to be a Muslim means to belong at the same time to Moses, Jesus and all the divine messengers, mixing them all in the same respect and giving credit to all their teaching without any distinction between them (2-136:285, 3-84,4-152),
Say: "We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in (the Books) given to Moses, Jesus, and the Prophets, from their Lord: we make no distinction between one and another among them, and to Allah do we bow our will (in Islam)." (3-84)
Or rather to belong to God and to follow His will which had successively been manifested on their tongues. From that moment, people will be over schism and rivalry and will find the equilibrium necessary to our interior tranquility.
Salamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatu Allah
The Quran is a universal teaching which means the human being wherever he is and to whatever race he belongs. Constantly calling to reason, to the good sense and to the noble feelings. The Quran aims at purifying habits, clarifying creeds, bringing them nearer, dropping down racial barriers and national chauvinism, and replacing the law of truth and justice instead of law of violence. Although the Quranic doctrine took its flight in Arabia and has been diffused at first among the Arabs, but it is destined for the whole universe.
Blessed is He Who sent down the Criterion to His servant, that it may be an admonition to all creatures; (25-1)
This is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds. (38-87)
But it is nothing less than a Message to all the worlds. (68-52)
And Allah knows best.
Salamu Alaykom Wa rahmatu Allah
1- Its rule and time:
The prayer of eclipsing "AlKosof" is an assured "Sunna" (an act our prophet "May God send his peace and blessings upon him" used to do) upon men and women, Our prophet "Muhammad" asked people (Muslims) to pray it; He said " Sun and Moon are two arguments from God, they do not eclipse because of the death or the life of someone, if you see it pray immediately.
Actually, it is prayed as praying in the two feasts, it begins from the viewing of the act "eclipsing" for both of each (Sun and Moon), But if the eclipsing happens at the sun-set time, in which the donation prayer is hateful badly, replace praying by asking God for supplication, forgiveness, demanding God to bestow his mercy and assistance upon us.
2- Preferable acts during eclipses:
In fact, people should greaten God and mention his gifts, asking God for mercy and forgiveness, giving the poor, releasing slaves, kindness to people, and visiting relatives, our prophet wanted us to do that.
3- The description of the eclipse prayer
Gathering people to the mosque without "Azan or Eqama" and it means (making someone say ordinary announcement of prayers in Islam), Someone can say "The prayer should gather people" in Arabic "Alsalat Jameah" The Imam: the one who leads people in a prayer; should lead people to pray" two Raqaas" on each one there are two kneelings and two getting ups with longituding in reading kneeling, and bowing down.
If the eclipse is over during praying, they can finish it as an ordinary donation prayer.
Actually it is not a manner of our prophet to make a speech "Khotbah" however the "Imam" can worth-mention God to people and advising them to be near to God if he wants to do, Because "Aisha" the Prophet's wife "May God bless her" said "the sun eclipsed during the life time of prophet Muhammad (MGBH); so he went to the mosque, then he stood-up and said "Allahu akbar" he greatened God and made people stand in rows behind him and read for a long period, then greatened God and kneeled for a long period, then heightened his head and said "May god hear he who thanks him, Thank you our God" then read for a long period but less than the first, then greatened God and kneeled less than the first kneeling and then said " May God hear he who thanks him, thanks our God" and then he bowed down, and he made the same operation in the second "Raqaa" until they reached four "Raqaas" and four bowing downs.
The sun returned to be natural before finishing then he stood up and made a speech to people, he greatened and exolted God as he deserves always and asked people to resort to praying to God on eclipses
4- The moon eclipse:
It is like praying in the eclipse of the sun, on the other hand some scientists mentioned that the prayer of the moon eclipse is like other donation prayers in which they can be prayed in houses or in mosques without gathering people, Because it is not mentioned that prophet "Muhammad" (MGBH) gathered people in it as he did in the prayer of sun eclipse.
In fact, It is a wide matter, he who wants to gather people, he can and he who wants to pray it as a singular, he also can, For it is recommended for "Muslims" to pray immediately and asking God for assistance and help, Men and women should ask for God supplication so as to release his anger from them.
May God show us the true path.
Translated from: "Menhaj Almuslim"
Written by: "Abubakr Jaber Aljazaery"