Praise be to Allah.
1- Islam is the religion of mercy and justice.
2- Muslims are commanded to call non-Muslims to Islam with wisdom and beautiful preaching and by debating in a manner that is better. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
?And argue not with the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), unless it be in (a way) that is better (with good words and in good manner, inviting them to Islamic Monotheism with His Verses), except with such of them as do wrong?
3- Allah does not accept any religion other than Islam. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers?
4- The Muslims should give the kaafirs the opportunity to hear the words of Allah. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"And if anyone of the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Quran) and then escort him to where he can be secure"
5- The Muslims should differentiate between different kinds of kaafirs in their dealings with them. They should make peace with those who make peace, and wage war against those who wage war, and wage jihad against those who stand in the way of spreading the message of Islam and causing it to prevail of earth.
6- With regard to matters of love and hate in the heart, the Muslims? attitude towards non-Muslims is based on the latter?s attitude towards Allah. If they worship Allah and do not associate anything in worship with Him, then they love them. If they associate others in worship with Him, or disbelieve in Him, or worship others alongside Him, or are hostile towards His religion and hate the truth, then it is obligatory to hate them in our hearts.
7- Hating them in our hearts does not mean that we should oppress or mistreat them under any circumstances, because Allah said to His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), describing what his attitude should be towards the People of the Book:
"and I am commanded to do justice among you. Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us our deeds and for you your deeds"
[al-Shoora 42:15 (interpretation of the meaning)
even though he is a Muslim and they are following Judaism or Christianity.
8- The Muslims believe that it is not permissible, under any circumstances whatsoever, for a Muslim to mistreat a non-Muslim who is not hostile towards Islam; so the Muslim should not commit aggression against him, or frighten him, or terrorize him, or steal his wealth, or embezzle him, or deprive him of his rights, or deny him his trust, or deny him his wages, or withhold from him the price of his goods when buying from him or withhold the profits of a partnership if he is in a business partnership with him.
9- The Muslims believe that it is obligatory upon the Muslims to honour treaties or agreements made with a non-Muslim party. If a Muslim has agreed to their conditions when seeking permission to enter their country (i.e., a visa) and has promised to adhere to that, then it is not permissible for him to commit mischief in their land, to betray anyone, to steal, to kill or to do any destructive action, and so on.
10-The Muslims believe that in the case of non-Muslims who wage war against them and drive them out of their homes, or help others to do so, it is permissible for Muslims to shed the blood of these non-Muslims and confiscate their wealth.
11-The Muslims believe that it is permissible for a Muslim to treat kindly those non-Muslims who are not hostile, whether by offering financial help, feeding the hungry, giving them loans if needed or interceding with regard to permissible matters, or speaking kindly to them or returning their greetings, and so on. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity"
12-There is no reason why Muslims should not cooperate with non-Muslims with regard to establishing truth and combating falsehood, to support the oppressed and ward off danger from mankind, such as cooperating to fight pollution or to protect the environment, or to combat epidemic diseases and so on.
13-The Muslims believe that there are differences between Muslims and non-Muslims in specific rulings such as diyah (blood money), inheritance, marriage, guardianship in marriage, entering Makkah etc., as is explained in the books of Islamic fiqh (jurisprudence). This is based on the commands of Allah and His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). We cannot regard as equal one who believes in Allah alone with no partner or associate and one who disbelieves in Allah or one who disbelieves in Allah and joins others in worship with Him, or who turns away from the true religion.
14-Muslims are commanded to call people to Allah in all the Muslim countries and other lands. They must convey the true religion of Allah to the world and build mosques in all parts of the world, and send daa'iyahs (callers) to non-Muslim countries and invite their leaders to enter the religion of Allah.
15-The Muslims believe that other people who are following other religions are not following any true religion, so the Muslims do not allow others to send missionaries to build churches in Muslim countries. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Is then he who is a believer like him who is a Faasiq (disbeliever and disobedient to Allah)' Not equal are they" [al-Sajdah 32:18]
Whoever thinks that Islam is equal to other religions is making a serious mistake. But the Muslim scholars have opened the door to debate with non-Muslims and allow the opportunity to discuss with and listen to non-Muslims and explain the truth to them.
Finally, Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Say (O Muhammad): O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah (Alone), and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah., Then, if they turn away, say: ?Bear witness that we are Muslims" [Aal'Imraan 3:64]
"And had the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would have been better for them" [Aal'Imraan 3:110].
** The SEVENTH condition is LOVE. That is, the believer loves this shahadah, he loves in accordance with the shahadah, he loves tha implications and requirements of the shahadah and he loves those who act and strive for the sake of this shahadah. This is a necessary condition of the shahadah. If a person makes the shahadah but does not love the shahadah and what it stands for, then, in fact, his faith is not complete. It is not the faith of a true believer. And if he loves something more that this shahadah or if he loves something more than Allah, then he has negated his shahadah. The true believer, the one meeting the conditions of the shahadah puts no one whatsoever as an equal to Allah in his love.
Allah says in the Quran, "Yet of mankind are some who take unto themselves (objects of worship which they set as) rivals to Allah, loving them with a love like (that which is due to) Allah only. However, those who believe are stauncher in their love of Allah" (al-Baqara 165). And elsewhere Allah says' "Say: If your fathers, or your sons, or your brethren, or your wives, or your tribe, or the wealth you have acquired, or merchandise
for which you fear that there will be no sale, or dwellings you desire are dearer to you than Allah and His messenger and striving in His way: then wait till Allah brings His command to pass. Allah guides not wrongdoing folk" (al-Tauba 24). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Whoever has three characteristics has tasted the sweetness of faith. [The first of these] is that he loves Allah and His Messenger more than he loves anyone else..."
(Recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim.).
This is one of the most important aspects of Islam yet, for some reason, it is missing from the lives of many Muslims. They act in Islam as if Islam were a chore instead of doing things out of the love of Allah. When Allah orders us to do something, like bear witness to the faith, we should realize that that thing is plaesing to Allah and, therefore, out of our love for Allah, we should be very pleased to do the acts that are pleasing to Allah. But, as I said, this feeling is missing from many, many Muslims today.
** The EIGHT condition of the shahadah is that the person who makes the shahadah must DENY EVERY OTHER OBJECT OF WORSHIP. Although that is claer in the words of the testimony of faith, it does not seem clear to everyone who makes that testimony. Therefore, I am mentioning it explicity here.
In Surah al-Baqara, Allah clearly reminds us of this important aspect of the shahadah, the shahadah is not merely an affirmation but it is both and affirmation and a negation. Allah states, "And he who rejects false deities and believes in Allah has grasped a firm handhold which will never break" (al-Baqara 256). Perhaps the Prophet (peace be upon him) made this point even clearer when he said, "Whoever says there is no one worthy of
worship except Allah and denies whatever is worshipped besides Allah, then his wealth and blood are protected and his accounting will be with Allah." (Recrded by Muslim.)
Although this condition sholud be obious to everyone who says the words of shahadah, you can still find Muslims who say the shahadah and then make acts of worship for beings or things other than Allah. You will find them going to the graveyards and worshipping those in the graves. They will perform acts of worship, not for the sake of Allah, but for the sake of the dead "saints" in the grave. What kind of shahadah have these people made? Do you realy think that their shahadah will mean anything on the Day of Judgment as long as they believe that acts of worship may be done for other than Allah.
** The NINTH condition of the shahadah is that the Muslim ADHERS to the shahadah until he dies. This is must if the shahadah is to mean anything for you in the Hereafter. You can not rest on your laurels of what you amy have done in the past. No, indeed, the shahadah must be your banner until your death. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, " A man spends a long time doing the deeds of the people of Paradise and then he ends his deeds with the deeds of the people of the Hell-fire. And a man spends a long time doing the deeds of the people of the Hell-fire and then he ends his deeds with the deeds of the people of Paradise." (Recorded by Muslims) In another hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "By the One whom there is no other God, one of you does the actions of Paradise until there is just a handspan between him and Paradise and then the book [preordainment] overtakes him and he does tha actions of the people of Hell and he enters into it" (Recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)
And Allah says in the Quran, "O believers, observe your duty to Allah with right observance, and die not save as Muslims [surrendering yourselves to Allah]" (al'Imran 102).
Dear brothers and sisters, these are the conditions of the shahadah. These are the aspects of the shahadah that each and every one of us should look to in ourselves and ask ourselves, "Is my shahadah meeting those requirements, Am I saying it sincerely, honestly and out of love for Allah? Am I saying it based on what it really means? Am I denying all other false objects of worship,..."
These questions we should ask ourselve now before we meet Allah. Allah willing, we shall ask ourselves these questions now and we shall find that we have all the right answers for them. Or, if we find we have some deficiency, we shall work to remove that deficiency. Such that, by Allah's mercy, in the Hereafter, our shahadah will be the key to Paradise for us and the gates of Paradise will swing wide open for us and we will be able to live forever in the bounties of Paradise, with Allah being pleased with us.
Again, it is not simply a matter of knowing these conditions. Indeed,one can meet many Muslims who have these conditions memorized, yet when one looks to their deeds and behavior, one can see that these conditions have no effect on them. This means, in fact, no matter how well he konws and can rattle off these conditions, he, in fact, is not fulfilling tham. In the Hereafter, his knowledge of these conditions will be of no avail to him. Indeed, his knowledge will be a proof against hin as he clearly knows what the conditions are that he mut satisfy yet he has shown that he is not willing to satisfy them in his life.
This and thanks for God firstly and finally
** The FOURTH conditionof shahadah is SUBMISSION and COMPLIANCE (or al-inqiyad). This implies the actual physical enactment with our deeds of our shahadah. In fact, this is one of the main meaning of the word Islam itself, "the submission to the will and commands of Allah." This is what Allah commands in the Quran, "Turn unto Him repentant, and surrender unot Him" (al-Zumar 54).
Allah has praised those who submit to His command by their actions. Allah says, "Who is better in religion than he who surrenders his purpose to Allah while doing good" (al-Nisa 125).
Actually, Allah has clearly made it a condition of faith that one submits to the command of Allah and His messenger. Allah says, "But nay, by your Lord, they will not truly believe until they make you [the Messenger of Allah] judge of what is in dispute between them and find within themselves no dislike of which you decide, and submit with full submission" (al-Nisa 65)
Unfortunately, there are many claim that there is no relationship between faith and deeds. You can even hear one Muslim saying about another, "That is the best Muslim I have ever met." yet the other person performs scarcely any of the deeds of Islam whatsoever. This incorrect understanding of faith has spread throughout the Muslim world.
Indeed, our shahadah or testimony of faith must be implemented or realized in our hearts, tounges and actions. In our hearts, we must have love for Allah, fear Allah and hope in Him. With our tongues we must testify to the shahadah. And with our actions, we must implement waht the testimony of faith requires from us. Anyone who claim to be a Muslim and yet does no deeds, either does not understand Islam whatsoever or is bearing testimony against himself that his testimony of faith is not a true and correct
testimony of faith.
This does not mean that the true believer never commits a sin. Indeed, true believers do commit sins. But as long as they recognize that what they did is not correct and it is inconsistent with their obligation of submitting to Allah, then they have not violated the soudness of their testimony or shahadah .But, do not forget, they are still sinners.
And what is the minimum of submission that is required from a person beyond which there can be no claim to faith? For those scholars who say that the abandonment of prayers is infidelity, it is the five daily prayers. Whoever does not perform, at least, the five daily prayers has gone beyond the limit that is acceptable for lack of deeds. Allah knows best.
** The FIFTH condition is TRUTHFULNESS, as opposed to hypocrisy and dishonesty. This means that when we say the shahadah, we are saying it honestly. We actually mean it. We are not lying when it comes to our testimony of faith.
The Prophet (peace be upon his) said, "No one bears testimony to there being no one worth of worship save Allah, sincerely from his heart, except that Allah makes the Hell-fire forbidden for him." (Recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim.)
We are all familiar with those who say the testimony of faith yet they are not saying it honestly. They do not believe in it but they are simply saying it in order to protect themselves or to get some gain from doing so. These are the hypocrites. Allah has described them in the opening of the Quran with the following words, "And of mankind are some who say, 'We believe in Allah and the Last Day,' when they believe not. They think to beguile Allah and those who believ, and they beguile none save themselves, but they perceive not. In their hearts is a disease, and Allah increases their disease. A painful doom is their because they lie" (al-baqara 8-10).
Obviously, the shahadah of thse who become Muslims simply to benefit from being Musim and not because they believe in Islam will be rejected by Allah in the Hereafter. They will face a painful punishment due to their lying.
** The SIXTH condition is SINCERITY (or ikhlas). That is, when we make the sahahadah, we must do so solely for the sak of Allah. We must not do it for any other reason. And we nust not do it for anyone else's sake. In this manner, the meaning of sincerity is opposite of Skirk or ascribing partners with Allah. We became and remainMuslims solely for Allah's sake. Allah says in the Quran, "Worship Allah, making religion pure for him" (al-Zumar 2). And Allah also says, "And they are ordained not else than to serve Allah, keeping religion pure for Him, as men by nature upright and to establish worship and to pay the poor-due. That is true religion" (al-Bayyinah 5). And the Prophet (peace be upon him) added, "Allah has forbidden for the Hell-fire anyone who says, 'There is no one worthy of worship except Allah,' and say so desiring the face [and pleasure] of Allah." (Recorded by Muslim).
This is something that we should think about. But especially those of us who grew up in Muslim families and were born Muslim. We should make it very claer to ourselves that we are Muslims only for the sake of Allah. We are not Muslims for the sake of our parents, friends, family or community. It must be claer in our minds that we are Muslims for the sake of Allah first, last and only.
One of the signs that we are Muslims for the sake of Allah is that we do whatever Allah asks of us, regardless of what anybody else desires or wants from us. That is, in the same way that we are Muslims solely for the sake of Allah, all of our acctions are done for the sake of Allah.
However, sometimes one begins to wonder whether this condition is met by some people. Some people from the Muslim world practice Islam to the extent that it is pleasing to their families. If there is anything in Islam that their families do not like- although their families are Muslim and therefore they actually should like all of Islam-then they do not
practice that aspect of Islam. One common example of that nature is mixing between men and women. Sometimes a brother, here in the U.S., will not mix with women and his wife will remain separate from the men. Yet, when they return to their homes, because this is not pleasing to their families who want to mix between men and women, they easily, simply and happily compromise their religion for the sake of their parents. These people
must sincerely ask t hemselves why they are Muslims. Are they Muslims for the sake of their parents and therefore whatever thei parents like they will do and whatever their parents do not like they won't do? Or are they Muslims for the sake of Allah and therefore whatever Allah dislike they will not do and whatever Allah is pleased with they do?
To continue go to The conditions of La ilaha illa-llah 7-9
** The FIRST of these condition is KNOWLEDGE. That is, one must have the basic and general knowledge of what is meant by the shahadah. One must understand what the shahadah is affirming and what the shahadah is denying. Allah says in the Quran, "So know that there is no God save Allah, and ask forgiveness for your sin"(Muhammad 19). Similarly, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Whoever dies knowing that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah shall enter Paradise." (Recorded by Muslim.)
In fact, the shahadah itself is a testimony. When one testifies to something, one must know what it is that he is testifying concerning. Obviously, a testimony about something that one does not have any knowledge about is absolutely unacceptable. Allah says in the Quran," Save him who bears witness unto the truth knowingly" (al-Zukhruf 86).
Now this condition probably sounds obvious. If someone said to you, "There is no God except Allah," and then said that what he meant by Allah was Jesus, you would immediately tell him that this shahadah is nonsense. Yet can you imagine that there is a Muslim country in the world that until recently used to have a yearly week-long celebration to "the Gods of the Sea"! All along they call themselves Muslims and they make shahadah numerous times a day. This clearly shows that they have no idea what the meaning of their shahadah is. Do you think that this kind of shahadah will open the doors to Paradise for them?
Today, there are many Muslims who wonder why we should not accept secularism. They think that there is nothing wrong with secularism! Many of these Muslims pray five times a day and utter the shahadah repeatedly. Yet they see nothing wrong with accepting a Lawgiver other than Allah? What kind of shahadah are these people making. all of us do our best to learn at least the basics of Islamic beliefs. The basics of what shahadah means. In this way, Allah willing, we will be making the correct shahadah. We will be witnessing to the truth as we are supposed to be witnesses to it.
** The SECOND condition of the shahadah is CERTAINTY (or al-yaqeen). This is the opposite of doubt and uncertainty. In Islam, in fact, any kind of doubt is equivalent to Kufr or disbelief. We must, in our hearts, be absolutely certain of the truth of the shahadah. Our hearts must not be wavering in any way when we testify to the truth of, "There is none worthy of worship except Allah."
Allah describes the believers in the Quran as those who have belief in Allah and then their heart waver not. Allah says, "The (true) believers are those only who believe in Allah and His messenger and afterward doubt not, but strive with their wealth and their lives for the cause of Allah. Such are the sincere" (al-Hujurat 15). Similarly, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, "No one meets Allah with the testimony that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I am the Messenger of Allah, and he has no doubt about hat statement, except that he will enter Paradise." (Recorded by Muslim.)
Indeed, Allah describes the hypocrites as those people whose hearts are wavering. For example, Allah says, "They alone seek leave of thee (not to participate in jihad) who believe not in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts feel doubt, so in their doubt they waver" (al-Tauba 45).
Many scholars have stated that the diseases of the heart, or the doubt and suspicions that one allows into one's heart, are more dangerous for a person' faith than lusts and desires. This is because lusts and desires may be satisfied at some time yet the person still knows them to be wrong and he may control himself and repent and give up that evil deed. On the other hand, the doubts and suspicions may linger in the heart, with no cure, until the person finally leaves Islam entirely or continues to practice Islam while, in fact, in his heart he does not have the true faith.
The greatest cure for these doubts is seeking knowledge. It is theough sound knowledge of the Quran and the sunnah that most of these doubts will be removed. By study and understanding, one will attain certainty. And as one studies and learns more, his certainty will be made firmer and firmer.
I will give you just one example on this point. This is related to all of the doubts, suspicions and misconceptions that are cirulating about the authenticity of the hadith literature. For example, some Muslims even claim that hadith were not recorded until at least 200 years after the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Indeed, there are Muslims who seem to have a great deal of doubt about hadith and very quick to reject hadith on that basis. But, in fact, if one actually takes the time to study the history and preservation of hadith, one will immediately recognize that all those claims and charges against the hadith are not based on anything scientific whatsoever. They are nothing but false claim that come from Satan and which Muslims with poor understanding and knowledge have allowed to creep into their hearts.
Let me make one last point about this condition of certainty. As I alluded to earlier, doubts and misconceptions are very dangerous for a person's faith. Doubt and wavering are tantamount to apostasy in Islam, as I mentioned earlier. Hence, every Muslim should do best to safeguard himself from such doubts and remain away from the sources of doubts-especially if they are not well grounded in the Islamic sciences and do not have the the knowledge to refute such doubts and misconceptions. Hence if a person has an associte or friend, even if he be a Muslim friend, who is always making him doubt Allah or the religion, then he should remain away from that person in order to safeguard his own religion. Many Muslims nowadays study courses on Islam tought by Orientalists and because of their weak backgroungs in Islamic studies, they are influenced by the nonsense
that some of these Orientalists are teaching in the name of "science". Similarly, many brothers and sisters nowadays are spending hoursat a time with the computer news groups and bulletin boards. A lot of nonsense and falsehood are posted on those news groups and bulletin boards. Again, the one who is not very knowldgeable of his religion may easily be influenced and affected by the misconceptions and false arguments that he reads in those bulletin boards. He should remain away from those things and get a deeper knowledge of Islam through the authentic sources of the religion.
Again, the greatest counterforce that can defeat doubts and misconceptions, after the bounty and guidance of Allah, is sound knowledge and understanding of the religion. When a person has that, he will not be affected by the weak arguments put out by the enemies of Islam and he will be, Allah willing, from among those described in the Quran, " It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah" (Fatir 28)
** The THIRD condition of the shahadah is ACCEPTANCE (or al-qabool).
I a person has the knowledge of and certainty in the shahdah, this must followed by acceptance, with the tounge and heart, of whatever that shahadah implies. Whoever refuses to accept the shahadah and its implications, even if he knows that it is true and certain about its truth, than he is a disbeliever. This refusal to accept is somtimes due to pride, envy or other reasons. In any case, the shahadah is not a true shahadah without its unconditional acceptance.
The scholars all talk about this condition as ageneral condition in the way that I have just stated. However, there is also a more detailed aspect that we must all be aware of. The believer accepts whatever the implications of the shahadah are. This also means that he believes in whatever is stated in the Quran or stated by the Prophet (peace be upon him), without any right to choose what he wants to believe and what he wants to reject. Allah says in the Quran, "Do you believe in part of the book and reject part of it? And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the lifeof the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom" (al-Baqara 85).
This is one aspect that the Muslims must be aware of. Although it is not the same as the complete refusal to accept the truth, by rejecting part of the truth that has come from Allah, one also negates his testimony of faith.
Unfortunately, many Muslims are doing this nowadays in various ways. Although not all of these form may necessarily be considered apostasy, they are still very dangerous. For example, if they do not like what is stated in a verse in the Quran, they simply reinterpret the verse according to their liking. If they do not like what is stated in a hadith, they simply state that the hadith must not be authentic although they are not scholars in that area. This kind of behavior is the antithesis of the behavior of the true Muslims. Whatever comes from Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him), the true Muslim believe in as the truth. This goes hand in hand with their testimony of faith.
To continue go to The conditions of La ilaha illa-llah 4-6
Salamu Alaikum brothers and sisters.
Islam honors all the prophets who were sent to mankind. Muslims respect all prophets in general, but Jesus in particular, because he was one of the prophets who foretold the coming of Muhammad. Muslims, too, await the second coming of Jesus. They consider him one of the greatest of Allah's prophets to mankind. A Muslim does not refer to him simply as "Jesus," but normally adds the phrase "peace be upon him" as a sign of respect.
No other religion in the world respects and dignifies Jesus as Islam does. The Qur'an confirms his virgin birth (a chapter of the Qur'an is entitled "Mary"), and Mary is considered to have been one of the purest women in all creation. The Qur'an describes Jesus' birth as follows:
"Behold!' the Angel said, God has chosen you, and purified you, and chosen you above the women of all nations. Mary, God gives you good news of a word from Him, whose name shall be the Messiah, Jesus son of Mary, honored in this world and in the Hereafter, and one of those brought near to God. He shall speak to the people from his cradle and in maturity, and he shall be of the righteous. She said: "My Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me?' He said: "Even so; God creates what He will. When He decrees a thing, He says to it, 'Be!' and it is." [3:42-47]
Muslims believe that Jesus was born immaculately, and through the same power which had brought Eve to life and Adam into being without a father or a mother.
"Truly, the likeness of Jesus with God is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, and then said to him, 'Be!' and he was." [3:59]
During his prophetic mission, Jesus performed many miracles. The Qur'an tells us that he said: "I have come to you with a sign from your Lord: I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it and it becomes a bird by God's leave. And I heal the blind, and the lepers, and I raise the dead by God's leave." [3:49]
Muhammad and Jesus, as well as the other prophets, were sent to confirm the belief in one God. This is referred to in the Qur'an where Jesus is reported as saying that he came:
"To attest the law which was before me, and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden you; I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear God and obey me." [3:50]
Prophet Muhammad emphasized the importance of Jesus by saying:
"Whoever believes there is no god but Allah, alone without partner, that Muhammad is His messenger, that Jesus is a servant and messenger of God, His word breathed into Mary and a spirit emanating from Him, and that Paradise and Hell are true, shall be received by God into Heaven. [Bukhari]
The Prerequisites of the Declaration of Faith
Every Muslim knows that the key to Paradise is the statment, "There is none worthy of worship except Allah." Yet too many Muslims simply rely upon this statment and believe that as long as they have made this statment, nothing will harm them. They think will be granted Paradise because of this mere verbal statment of the Shahadah.
There is no question that the mere saying of," I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger," is not sufficient for salvation.
In fact, the hypocrites used to make this statment quite often yet Allah describes them as liars and says that they shall abide in the lowest abyss of the Hell-fire.
As many scholars state, though, this statment or testimony is the key Paradise. The famous Follower Wahb ibn Munabbih was once asked, " Isn't
the statment of la ilaha illa-llah the key to Paradise?" He answered, "Yes, but every key has ridges. If you come with the key that has the right ridges, the door will open for you. Yet if you don't have the right ridges the door will not open for you" That is, it is saying must meet certain conditions. These conditions are what will differentiate the person who
will benefit from his making of that statment from the one who will not benefit from that statment, no matter how many times a day he may have made
Before discussing the conditions of the Shahadah, there is one more point that I feel compelled to make. That is, some people have a tendency to take one hadith or one verse and then based on that one text, they will
make some conclusion that, for example, whoever simply says" There is no God except Allah" will enter Paradise. But, actually, we should all realize
that all of the Quran and Hadith complement each other and explain one another. To find the correct position on any one question, one must bring together all of the related verses and hadith and see what the true Islamic postion is of that question. The same is true for the conditions of the shahadah.
If we study the verses of the Quran and the Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him), we will find that the conditions of the shahadah are seven, eight or nine in number depending on how we look at them. It is important
that all of us make sure that we are meeting these conditions in our own lives and in our own testimony of faith. We must do our best to satisfy these conditions before it is too late and our testimony will be no avail
whatsoever. It is not simply for the sake of teaching these conditions.
Indeed, there is no benefit to that. But it is, instead, for all of us to look to ourselves and to make sure that we are actually meeting these conditions so that, by Allah's mercy, the doors to Paradise will be open for us by our key of la ilaha illa-llah.
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Salamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatu Allah
The first feature of the driving force of the Islamic preaching resides ? in our opinion ? in the manner in which it presented the religious truth and tried to cease the disputes about its subject.
In fact the Quran insists with much force and tenacity and affirms categorically not only that all the prophets constitute one and indivisible religious community under the aegis of the Lord:
Verily, this Brotherhood of yours is a single Brotherhood, and I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore serve Me (and no other). (21-92)
And verily this Brotherhood of yours is a single Brotherhood. And I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore fear Me (and no other). (23-52)
But also that this unity was primitively that of all men but the successors were the ones who were disunited.
Mankind was but one nation, but differed (later). Had it not been for a Word that went forth before from thy Lord, their differences would have been settled between them. (10-19)
And always consequent with itself, the Quran does not define Islam as a new Mohammedanism rivaling with Mosaicism and Christianism and disputing them the honour of veracity. But to be a Muslim means to belong at the same time to Moses, Jesus and all the divine messengers, mixing them all in the same respect and giving credit to all their teaching without any distinction between them (2-136:285, 3-84,4-152),
Say: "We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in (the Books) given to Moses, Jesus, and the Prophets, from their Lord: we make no distinction between one and another among them, and to Allah do we bow our will (in Islam)." (3-84)
Or rather to belong to God and to follow His will which had successively been manifested on their tongues. From that moment, people will be over schism and rivalry and will find the equilibrium necessary to our interior tranquility.
Salamu Alaykum Wa Rahmatu Allah
The Quran is a universal teaching which means the human being wherever he is and to whatever race he belongs. Constantly calling to reason, to the good sense and to the noble feelings. The Quran aims at purifying habits, clarifying creeds, bringing them nearer, dropping down racial barriers and national chauvinism, and replacing the law of truth and justice instead of law of violence. Although the Quranic doctrine took its flight in Arabia and has been diffused at first among the Arabs, but it is destined for the whole universe.
Blessed is He Who sent down the Criterion to His servant, that it may be an admonition to all creatures; (25-1)
This is no less than a Message to (all) the Worlds. (38-87)
But it is nothing less than a Message to all the worlds. (68-52)
And Allah knows best.
Salamu Alaykom Wa rahmatu Allah
1- Its rule and time:
The prayer of eclipsing "AlKosof" is an assured "Sunna" (an act our prophet "May God send his peace and blessings upon him" used to do) upon men and women, Our prophet "Muhammad" asked people (Muslims) to pray it; He said " Sun and Moon are two arguments from God, they do not eclipse because of the death or the life of someone, if you see it pray immediately.
Actually, it is prayed as praying in the two feasts, it begins from the viewing of the act "eclipsing" for both of each (Sun and Moon), But if the eclipsing happens at the sun-set time, in which the donation prayer is hateful badly, replace praying by asking God for supplication, forgiveness, demanding God to bestow his mercy and assistance upon us.
2- Preferable acts during eclipses:
In fact, people should greaten God and mention his gifts, asking God for mercy and forgiveness, giving the poor, releasing slaves, kindness to people, and visiting relatives, our prophet wanted us to do that.
3- The description of the eclipse prayer
Gathering people to the mosque without "Azan or Eqama" and it means (making someone say ordinary announcement of prayers in Islam), Someone can say "The prayer should gather people" in Arabic "Alsalat Jameah" The Imam: the one who leads people in a prayer; should lead people to pray" two Raqaas" on each one there are two kneelings and two getting ups with longituding in reading kneeling, and bowing down.
If the eclipse is over during praying, they can finish it as an ordinary donation prayer.
Actually it is not a manner of our prophet to make a speech "Khotbah" however the "Imam" can worth-mention God to people and advising them to be near to God if he wants to do, Because "Aisha" the Prophet's wife "May God bless her" said "the sun eclipsed during the life time of prophet Muhammad (MGBH); so he went to the mosque, then he stood-up and said "Allahu akbar" he greatened God and made people stand in rows behind him and read for a long period, then greatened God and kneeled for a long period, then heightened his head and said "May god hear he who thanks him, Thank you our God" then read for a long period but less than the first, then greatened God and kneeled less than the first kneeling and then said " May God hear he who thanks him, thanks our God" and then he bowed down, and he made the same operation in the second "Raqaa" until they reached four "Raqaas" and four bowing downs.
The sun returned to be natural before finishing then he stood up and made a speech to people, he greatened and exolted God as he deserves always and asked people to resort to praying to God on eclipses
4- The moon eclipse:
It is like praying in the eclipse of the sun, on the other hand some scientists mentioned that the prayer of the moon eclipse is like other donation prayers in which they can be prayed in houses or in mosques without gathering people, Because it is not mentioned that prophet "Muhammad" (MGBH) gathered people in it as he did in the prayer of sun eclipse.
In fact, It is a wide matter, he who wants to gather people, he can and he who wants to pray it as a singular, he also can, For it is recommended for "Muslims" to pray immediately and asking God for assistance and help, Men and women should ask for God supplication so as to release his anger from them.
May God show us the true path.
Translated from: "Menhaj Almuslim"
Written by: "Abubakr Jaber Aljazaery"