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AbouMohamed
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total posts: 74
Posted on Sun, Sep 03, 2006 12:48

First: Allah, the Almighty said; ("Gross" multiplying diverts you. Till you visit the cemeteries. Not at all, (but) eventually you shall know. (Again), not at all, (but) eventually you shall know. Not at all, (but) if you know with the knowledge of certitude. Indeed you shall definitely see Hell-Fire. (Again), indeed you shall definitely see it with the eye of certitude. There after indeed you shall definitely be questioned upon that Day concerning (true) Bliss) (At-Takaithur) According to Mukhttasar Ibn Kathir, these verses mean that the love of this world along with its delights and vanities diverts you from thinking about the Hereafter. You became indulged in such vanities until you died and were buried. On the authority of Zaid Ibn Aslam, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: (Multiplying diverts you) i.e., from obedience,(Until you visit cemeteries) i.e., until death comes to you.( Reported by Ibn Abi Hatim) AI-Hasan Al-Basri said: "(Gross multiplying diverts you) means wealth and sons." Ubai Ibn Ka'ab said: "We understood the meaning of the Hadith that says, "1f the son of Adam had a valley of gold..." from reading the Qur'an until the Ayah, (Gross multiplying diverts you...) was revea1ed." (Reported by Al-Bukhari in the book ofAI-Riqaq.) Imam Ahmad reported on the authority of 'Abdullah Ibn Al?Shakhir who said: Once I came to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) while he was reciting the Ayah, (Gross multiplying diverts you...) After that he continued by saying that, "The son of Adam said: 'My wealth, my wealth! while you have nothing of your wealth except what you have eaten, but it is vanished, and what you have worn, but it is worn out, or what you have given (as charity), and this is what you have retained." (Reported by Ahmad, Muslim, AI-Tirmidhi, and Al-Nasa'i.) In his Sahih, Muslim reported on the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) "The servant says: "My wealth, my wealth. But he has nothing of his wealth except what he has eaten, but it is vanished, what he has worn, buts it is worn out, or what he has given (as charity), this is what he has really retained. Otherwise, he will go and leave it to the people." (Reported only by Muslim.) Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of Anas lbn Malik (may Al?lah be pleased with him) who said the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "To his grave, the deceased is 'followed by three things, namely, his family, his wealth and his deeds. But after finishing his burial, two things return back i.e. his family and wealth, and only one thing re?mains with him i.e. his deeds."( Reported by AI-Bukhari, Muslim and AI-Tirmidhi.) Anas reported the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) as having said: "The son of Adam is grows older while two things accompanied him; persistence and hope in long life."( Reported by Muslim and AI-Bukhari.) Al-Hafiz Ibn 'Asakir, in his writing on the biography of Al-Ahnaf Ibn Qays, mentioned that: "Once Al-Ahnaf saw a man holding a dirham. He said: 'To whom does this dirham belong.' The man replied: 'It is mine.' AI-Atinaf said: 'It is yours if you spend it on a deed for which you can be rewarded, or in a thing with which you seek Allah's favor.' Then he quoted the poet who said: Wealth owirs you if you do not spend it But you own wealth if you spend it. Concerning the Ayah: (Not at all, (but) eventually you shall know. (Again), not at all, (but) eventually you shall know,) Al-Hasan Al-Basri said: 'This is a repeated threat.' Al-Dahak said: 'Not at all, (but) eventually you shall know.' i.e., the disbelievers, (Again), not at all, (but) eventually you shall know.' i.e., the believers. Then he said, (Not at all, (but) if you know with the knowledge of certitude) i.e., if you had really known, you would have been diverted from seeking the Hereafter until you came to the graves. Then he said, (indeed you shall definitely see Hell-Fire. (Again), indeed you shall definitely see it with the eye of certitude.) This is the explanation of the previous threat. What is meant is that Allah has threatened them with such case, namely the seeing of the people of the Fire. As it is reported, when the Fire sighs, every near angel and sent prophet will kneel down due to the grandeur, gravity of its sight. Concerning Allah's saying, (Thereafter indeed you shall definitely be questioned upon that Day concerning (true) Bliss.) i.e., you will be asked about things which Allah has bestowed upon you such as health, security, provision, and the like whether you gave thanks for them or not." (AI-Sabuni, Mukhrascir Taftir Jbn Katlzir,vol.3, p.671-673.) Second:Allah, the Almighty said: (Nor strain thine eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment to parties of them, the splendor of the life of this world, through which We test them: but the provision of thy Lord is better and more enduring. Enjoin Prayer on thy people, and be constant therein. We ask thee not to provide sustenance: We provide it for thee: But the (fruit of) the Hereafter is for Righteousness.) (Taha: 131-132) Ibn Kathir, (may Allah have mercy on him) said: "Allah the Al?mighty said to his Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) do not look at the ease and happiness with which We test those who are luxu?rious and those like them. And few amongst My servants are grateful. Mujahid said: (To parties of them.) i.e., the rich people, for what Al?lah has given you is more charitable. For this, He said: (But the provision of thy Lord is better and more enduring.) In the Sahih, it is mentioned that: "When 'Umar Ibn Al-Khattab entered on the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) in the upper room in which he retired himself due to his anger with his wives, he found him lying on a mat withoit bedding on it. And there was nothing else in the house except some hanged flimsy Qirdh (a plant whose leaves are used in tanning of skins). Thereupon, Umar started to cry. The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: 'Why do you weep Umar, Umar replied, 'O Messenger of Allah, Kusrau and Caesar are prosperous and are given worldly luxuries, and you are the one whom Allah has chosen amongst His creatures! The Prophet said, 'O Ibn Al-Khattab! Do you have any doubt (that the Hereafter is better than this world), These people are given the reward of their good deeds in this world only."' Thus, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was the one who renounced this world the most when he was given the pleasures of this world, he chose to spend them on the servants of Allah. On the authority of Atta' Ibn Yasar from Abi Sa'id who said: the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "What I fear for you the most is what you may be given of worldly pleasures.' The Companions said, 'O Prophet of Allah! What do you mean by worldly enjoyments?' He replied: 'The favors of AIlah." (Reported by Ibn Abi Hatim on the authority of Abu Sa'id.) Qatadah and AI-Sadi said: (Enjoyment of this life.), namely, the pleasures of this worldly life." Qatadah said: (To test them therein,) means to test them with trials, and (Enjoin Prayer on thy people, and be constant therein,) means, deliver your people from the torture of Allah by enjoining them to observe the Prayer and be constant therein as the Almighty Allah said: (O ye who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire...) and (We ask thee not to provide sustenance: We provide it for thee.) AI-Thawri said: (We do not require you to ask.) Ibn Abi Hatim reported on the authority of Thabit who said: "When the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) suffered from any penury, he called on his family, 'O my people, perform Prayer." Thabit also said: "When the prophets were afflicted with any hardship, they hastened to Prayer." The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "The Almighty Allah said, "O son of Adam, if you are devoted to My worship, I would fill your breast with opulence and I would deliver you from your poverty. Otherwise, I would occupy your breast (with worldly matters) and you would remain in your poverty."( Reported by Al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah on the authority of Abu Hurairab.) On the authority of Zaid Ibn Thabit who said: I heard the Messen?ger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: "For those whose ultimate concern is this worldly life, Allah will scatter his affairs and will make his poverty between his eyes, and he would not attain anything except what he is destined. And whosoever kept the thought of the Hereafter in their mind, Allah will unite his affairs for him, and would make his richness in his heart and this worldly life will unwillingly come to him." Allah says, (But the (fruit of) the Hereafter is for Righteousness,) i.e., the best end in this world and the Hereafter, namely the Paradise, will be for those who are pious to Allah..."(See Mukhtarsar Ibn Kathir, vol.2 p.499.) Third: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) says, "If the worldly life were weighed, it would not even amount to the weight of the wing of a fly, then the disbeliever would not even be allowed to drink one mouthful of water." (Reported by Al-Tirmidhi whod said that it is a Sahih hadith.)


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