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Does this really divide the ummah? Sort by:
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Posted on Sat, Nov 18, 2006 07:15 AM

Why are so many muslims not inclined to learn about tawheed and it is the only thing that was taught by an nabi SAWS for 13 years? How can this being taught and talked about be blamed for dividing the ummah and Allah shows us this throughout the Qur'an, and an nabi taught this since becoming a prophet until his death? The Divisions of Tawheed And Tawheed - with the Salaf and the Scholars of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah has three divisions. 'Allaamah as-Safaareenee (died 1112H) - may God's mercy be upon him - said: "Know that Tawheed has three divisions: Tawheedar-Ruboobiyyah (the Oneness of God in His Lordship), Tawheed al- Uloohiyyah (to single-out Almighty God alone for worship) and Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat (the uniqueness of God's Names and Attributes)."11 "And God has gathered these three divisions in His - the Most High's- saying: "Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, so worship Him alone and be constant and patient in the worship of Him. Do you know of any who is similar to Him?"12"13 "So Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah implies: A firm and definite belief that Almighty God alone is the Creator, the Master and Owner, and the Command is for none but Him."14 "And Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah is to single-out God alone for all worship and not to worship anything along with Him, whether it be an angel, a Messenger, a prophet, a pious person, a tree, a stone, the sun, the moon, or other than these."15 "And Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat is the uniqueness of Almighty God - the Most High - with regards to His Names and His Attributes, by affirming that which God has affirmed for Himself - whether in His Book (i.e. the Qur'aan) or by the tongue of His Messenger - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - without tahreef (distorting the Names and Attributes), ta'teel (denial of the Names and Attributes), takyeef (saying how they are), or tamztheel (making any resemblance with the creation)."16 11. Lawaami' al-Anwaarul-Bahiyyah (1/128) of as-Safaareenee. For the division of Tawheed into three types, refer to: al-Ibaanah 'an Sharee'atil-Firqatin-Naajiyah (p. 693-694) of Ibn Battah (died 387H); Kitaab ut-Tawheed of Ibn Mandah (died 395H) and al-Hujjah fee Bayaanil-Mahajjah (1/85, 1/111-113) of Abul-Qaasim al-Asbahaanee (died 535H). 12. Qur'an - Soorah Maryam 19.65. 13. Taqreebut-Tadmuriyyah (p. 110) of Shaykh Ibn al-'Uthaymeen. 14. Taqreebut-Tadmuriyyah (p. 110-111). 15. Taqreebut-Tadmuriyyah (p. 112-113). 16. Taqreebut-Tadmuriyyah (p. 116-117). Tawheed - its Importance in the Qur'aan Ibn Abil--'Izz - may God have mercy on him - said: "So the Qur'aan - all of it - is about Tawheed, its rights and its rewards; and about Shirk, its people and their punishments. Thus: "All praise belongs to God, Lord of the worlds."19 is Tawheed (of knowledge). "The Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy" is Tawheed (of knowledge). "The Master of the Day of Judgement" is also Tawheed (of knowledge). "You alone do we worship and You alone do we seek aid and assistance from" is Tawheed (of action) . "Guide us to the Straight Path" concerns Tawheed and asking for guidance to the path of the people of Tawheed, (which is): "The Path of those whom You have favoured." "Not of those who have earned Your anger, nor of those who have gone astray" - those who have separated themselves from Tawheed."20 So Almighty God begins this soorah by first informing us about Himself - the Most Perfect (i.e. Tawheed of knowledge). Then after having knowledge of Almighty God - the Most High - God orders us with the Tawheed of action: "You alone do we worship." Likewise just as "the great Qu'aan opens with Tawheed it also I ends with it. So the Qur'aan opens with Soorah al-Faatihah: "All praise belongs to God, Lord of the Worlds" and the great Qur'aan ends with the Soorah: "Say: I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind".21"22 Likewise, the greatest ayaah (verse) in the Qur'aan is Ayatul-Kursee (the Verse of the Throne).33 Since this great aayah informs us - from start to finish - purely about Almighty God's Names, His Attributes and His Actions. So this further emphasizes the importance of the Tawheed of knowledge. Similarly, Soorah al-Ikhlaas - from start to finish - is concerned with the Tawheed of knowledge, whilst Soorah al-Kaafiroon is connected with the Tawheed of action.24 Indeed, the Prophet - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - said about a man who was reciting al-Kafiroon in the first rak'ah (unit of formal prayer): "This is a servant who believes in his Lord." Then the man recited al-Ikhlaas in the second, so he - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - said: "This is a servant who knows his Lord".25 The Prophet - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - said: "Say: He is God, the One" is equivalent to one third of the Qur'aan. And "Say: O disbelievers . . . " is equivalent to a quarter of the Qur'aan.26 What further demonstrates the importance of this Tawheed is the fact that the Prophet - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - "would begin his day with Tawheed (of knowledge and action), since he recited both Soorah al-Kafiroon and Soorah al-Ikhlaas in the two rak'aat (units of prayer) before Fajr (dawn prayer).27 And he would end the night by reciting both of these soorahs in his witr (final - literally "odd numbered") prayer.28"29 "Indeed, all of the Qur'aan is about Tawheed."30 And Almighty God - the Mighty and Majestic - says: "A book We have sent down, full of blessings, that men may ponder over its messages; and those who possess understanding may take them to heart."31 19. Qur'aan - Soorah al-Faatiha 1:1 - and what follows is a completion of this soorah. 20. Sharhul-'Aqeedatul-Tahaawiyyah (pp. 89-90) of lbn Abil-'Izz. 21. Qur'aan - Soorahtun- Naas 114:1. 22. Hukmul-Intimaa (p.58) of Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd - slightly adapted. 23. Related by Muslim (no.1768) from 'Ubayy ibn Ka'b - may God be pleased with him. 24. Refer to Majmoo' al-Fataawaa (1/54) of Ibn Taymiyyah. 25. Hasan: Related by at-Tahawee and Ibn Hibbaan. Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar authenticated it in Ahadeethul-'AaIiyaat (no.16). 26. Saheeh: Related by at-Tabaraanee in al-Mu'jamul-Kabeer (3/203/2) from Ibn 'Umar - may God be pleased with him. It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami' (no. 4405). 27. Related by Muslim (no.726) 28. Saheeh: Related by an-Nasaa'ee and al-Haakim, who declared it saheeh. 29. At-Tawheed wa Atharahu fee Hayaatil-Muslim (p.30) of Ahmad ibn Ibraaheem al-Hareeqee. 30. Madaarijus-Saalikeen (3/450). 31. Qur'aan - Soorah Saad 38:29. Tawheed - its Importance from the Sunnah And what proves the importance of Tawheed from the Sunnah is that the Chosen one - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - remained in Makkah thirteen years amongst the disbelievers, calling them to it, and saying to them: "Say: None has the right to be worshipped except Almighty God and thus be successful . . . ".32 The Messenger of God - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - said: "I have been sent close to the Hour, with the sword, so that none has the right to be worshipped except Almighty God alone, without any partner. My sustenance is beneath the shade of my spear. And humiliation and ignominy is for whosoever opposes my command. And whosoever resembles a people is from them."33"34 Similarly he would send his Companions to various communities ordering them with this Tawheed first - as was the case when he sent Mu'aadh ibn Jabal to Yeman, saying: "Indeed you are going to a people from the People of the Book, so let the Tawheed of God be the very first thing you call them to . . . "35 And just as the Prophet - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - started his Prophethood and teaching with the matter of Tawheed, then likewise he - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - mentioned "the matter of Tawheed during his final illness from which he - may the peace and blessings of God be upon him - died, when he said: "The curse of Almighty God be upon the Jews and the Christians, for they took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship."36"37 32. Related by Ahmad (4/63). 33. Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (no. 5114) and Ibn Asaakir (19/96/1), from Ibn 'Umar - may God be pleased with him. It was authenticated by al-Haafidh al-'Iraaqee in Takhreejul-Ihya (3/42), and al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr in in Fathul-Baaree (10/222). 34. At-Tawheed wa Atharahu fee Hayaatil-Muslim (p.29). 35. Related by al-Bukhaaree (1/13) and Muslim (1/272), from Ibm 'Abbaas - may God be pleased with him. 36. Related by Bukhaaree (1/532) and Muslim (5/16). 37. At-Tawheed wa Atharahu fee Hayaatil-Muslim (p.29). Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (died 728H) said: "The Tawheed with which the Messengers came with comprises of affirming that Divinity and worship belong to Almighty God alone, such that a person witnesses that none has the right to be worshipped except Almighty God, and that none is worshipped except Him, nor depended upon other than Him, nor are alliances or enemies made except for Him, nor is an action done except for Him. This affirmation also covers those Names and Attributes which Almighty God affirms for Himself, as God - the Most High - says: "And the God to be worshipped is only one God. None has the right to be worshipped except Him, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy."38 And God - the Most High - says: "Do not take two objects of worship. Indeed, Almighty God is the only Deity to be worshipped, so fear Him."30. And He - the Most High - says: "Whosoever calls upon (i.e. supplicates or prays to) other than God, for which he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Indeed the disbelievers will not be successful."40 Almighty God - the Most High - also says: "And ask those of our Messengers whom we sent before you: 'Did We ever appoint objects of worship besides the Most Merciful?'"41 And Almighty God informed us about every Prophet from amongst the Prophets that they called the people to the worship of God al

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